Moving a step ahead in fuel cell technology

Moving a step ahead in fuel cell technology

academic-speak-microporous-materials-1In an interview, Dr Sujit Ghosh, Associate Professor – Chemistry at Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Pune, India with Chemical Today magazine speaks about the need to create new materials, which can eventually replace the 50-year-old Nafion and his quest to develop cheap microporous crystalline materials that can be effectively used as PEM in fuel cell industries. A major portion of the research in our lab revolves. Read More

Is Oxalic Acid Necessary To Maintain Peristaltic Motion In Our Body?

oxalic-acid-foods-1Oxalic Acid belonging to the family of carboxylic acids and this chemical also termed as Ethanedioic Acid. Oxalic acid is widely used as an acid rinse in laundries, where it can able to remove rust and ink stains because of its capability of converting insoluble iron compounds into a soluble complex ion. For the same reason, it is the chief ingredient of many commercial preparations used for removing scale from automobile radiators. It occurs naturally in high levels in many common foods. Read More

Luncheon with chemicals? – take a break!!!!

lunch-boxHave we ever thought what is lurking in our lunch box—yummy lunch or yummy chemicals? Well, unfortunately many of us are unaware of the fact that our lunch boxes are an abode of many harmful chemicals. It is known that many plastic items are produced by PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride), Lead, BPA and others. Among these Lead is often added to vinyl as a stabilizer as it is cheap, flexible & it helps vinyl bounce back to its original shape. Trouble comes when vinyl. Read More

Chemistry of popcorn aroma & popping!

popcornPopcorn, also known as popping corn, is a type of corn. It can come up with usually salted or sweetened flavors. Many people like the odor of popcorn. Some people especially like to smell popcorn when you open the door of the movie theater. It is rich in some of the following nutrients. A new study by Tufts University reveals popcorn may contain higher levels of healthy antioxidants known as polyphenols. Popcorn odor comes from molecules that go into the air as popcorn is heated. Read More

Make Sodium Acetate at Home

Make Sodium Acetate at Home

sodium-acetate-copyChemically, sodium acetate is a mixture of various elements sodium (Na) atom, two carbon(C) atoms, two oxygen (O) atoms, and 3 hydrogen (H) atoms. When we technically writing this chemical, it is represented as C2H3NaO2. Generally, it appears as a white hygroscopic or water-attracting crystalline powder. Sodium acetate can be referred as the sodium salt of acetic acid, sodium ethanoate. It belongs to a conjugate base of a weak acid, which means that it only partially ionises. Read More

Restructure nanoporous alloys to get a more efficient catalyst

llnl-nanoporous-gold-1LIVERMORE, US: New research shows that the phases that nano-structured materials go through to become an efficient catalyst, as good as gold. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) material scientist Juergen Biener and collaborators found that by restructuring nanoporous gold alloys they become more efficient catalysts. Nano-structured materials hold promise for improving catalyst activity and selectivity, but little is known about the dynamic compositional. Read More

Scientists tie the tightest knot ever from atom strings

university-of-manchester-knot-1MANCHESTER, UK: University of Manchester researchers have produced the most tightly knotted physical structure ever known – a scientific accomplishment which has the potential to create a new generation of advanced materials. The research led by professor David Leigh in Manchester’s School of Chemistry, have developed a way of braiding multiple molecular strands enabling tighter and more complex knots to be made than has previously been possible. Read More

Xylene – a solvent, mixture of three isomers

xyleneXylene characteristics can be described as aromatic hydrocarbon solvent, mixture of three different isomers i.e., meta-xylene, ortho-xylene, para-xylene. Xylol is the other widely used common name for xylene. Xylene appearance described as colorless, sweet-smelling liquid that catches on fire easily. It is usually refined through an alkylation process from crude oil, also produced as by-product from coal carbonization and can extracted from benzole.  Xylene is flammable. Read More

Click chemistry applications in drug discovery

Click chemistry applications in drug discovery

click_chemistryClick chemistry is a chemical philosophy introduced by K. Barry Sharpless of The Scripps Research Institute, in 2001 and describes chemistry tailored to generate substances quickly and reliably by joining small units together. This is inspired by the fact that nature also generates substances by joining small modular units. Click chemistry is not a specific reaction; it is a concept that mimics nature. Click chemistry is a modular approach that uses only the most practical. Read More

Benzene found in carbonated drinks

benzene-inbeveragesMichael Faraday discovered benzene in 1825. Benzene formula was proposed by Friedrich August Kekule. Benzene formula is C6H6 with the molar mass of 78.11 g/mol. Benzene structural formula includes aromatic, cyclic, six carbon, six hydrogen organic compound. Benzene used as solvent in various industries.Benzene is parent organic aromatic compound. Derivatives of benzene compound include cumene, ethylbenzene, styrene, cyclohexane, and aniline. Read More

How Cellulase is Important in Stone Washing?

stonewashed-jeansJeans is typically comprised of denim or dungaree cloth. Often the term “jeans” is generally refers to a particular style of pants, called “blue jeans,” which were invented by Jacob W. Davis in partnership with Levi Strauss & Co. in the year of 1871. It was originally designed for cowboys and miners, later jeans became popular in the 1950s among teenagers, especially members of the greaser subculture. Jeans were a most prevalent fashion item in the 1960s Hippie. Read More

 Why Theobromine is Toxic to Dogs and Other Pets?

chocolate_theopoisonTheobromine is a bitter plant alkaloid which is found in cacao plant, having the chemical formula C7H8N4O2. It is commonly found in chocolate, as well as in leaves of the tea plant, and the cola nut/ kola nut (1.0-2.5%). Theobromine has a similar, but lesser effect when compared to caffeine on the human nervous system. Theobromine can also be found in small amounts in guarana berry and in tea plant. 28 grams of milk-chocolate can accommodate approximately. Read More



New reliable method to capture carbon from ambient air

New reliable method to capture carbon from ambient air

ornl-carbon-capture-1OAK RIDGE, US: Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming. Initially, the ORNL team was studying methods to remove environmental contaminants such as sulphate, chromate or phosphate from water. To remove those negatively charged ions. Read More

Some catalysts give their own oxygen for reactions: Study

mit-catalysts-1MASSACHUSETTS, US: Chemical reactions that release oxygen in the presence of a catalyst, known as oxygen evolution reactions, are a vital part of the chemical energy storage processes, including water splitting, electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction, and ammonia production. The kinetics of this type of reaction are generally slow, but compounds called metal oxides can have catalytic activities that vary over several orders of magnitude. Read More

Fine art: painting tricks of 19th century revealed


PARIS, FRANCE: To paint quickly while creating brilliant texture and volume effects artists relied on the development of innovative gels. All the rage in the 19th century—and still in use today—these compounds modify the properties of the oil paints they are combined with. Now the researchers from Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), University Pierre and Marie Curie (UPMC), and College de France together have finally learned the chemical. Read More

Synthesizing sodium carbonate by solvay process


Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) is found naturally or is manufactured from natural salt i.e., sodium chloride (common salt). It has many uses but, one of the major notable applications is in making of glass. Soda ash is a key chemical for producing soap, paper making, baking soda production, and bleaching fabrics and paper. The name “soda ash” is based on the principal historical method of obtaining alkali, which was by using water to extract it from ashes. The word “soda”. Read More

Production of Ethyl Acetate by Esterification

Production of Ethyl Acetate by Esterification

ethyl-acetateEthyl Acetate is a most familiar ester of ethanol which you can easily remember by its regular usage in our daily life. It is also called as ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA. It is one of the ingredients responsible for the characteristic smell of a banana flower or overripe fruit has high levels of ethyl acetate.It is manufactured on a large scale for use as a solvent. Ethyl acetate can dissolve up to 3 per cent water and has a solubility of 8 percent in water. Read More

Chemicals from cleaning product are killing polar bears: study

cornwall-polar-bearsCORNWALL, UK: Pollutants found in cleaning products such as Scotchguard have turned up in Arctic waters, leaving polar bears vulnerable to being poisoned, scientists from Italy have claimed. Scientists have said the chemicals, known as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), enter the Arctic food chain when they are ingested by polar cod. The chemicals are not harmful to the fish because only a low level of POPs are present in seawater. Read More

Does Liquid Amoxicillin Really Need Refrigeration?

amoxicillinLiquid form of amoxicillin needs to be refrigerated because it contains augmentin and it is very unstable to heat. In heat the amoxicillin medicine can deteriorate quickly making it less efficient to kill the bacteria. You may store liquid amoxicillin medicine in a fridge but do not concede up to the freezing state. Discard unused liquid amoxicillin medicine within 14 days as it might have lost its activity, color and taste. Keeping liquid amoxicillin in fridge is important. Read More

Charles Hatchett – discoverer of niobium element

charles-hatchettCharles Hatchett was an English chemist born on January 02, 1765 – died on March 10, 1847. Hatchett was well known for his discovery of niobium periodic table element. Niobium is a soft, grey, ductile transition metal, which is often found in the pyrochlore mineral, the main commercial source for niobium, and columbite. Niobium becomes a superconductor at cryogenic temperatures. Niobium is slightly less electropositive and more compact than its predecessor. Read More

Marijuana’s true potential recognised by Mangoes

Marijuana’s true potential recognised by Mangoes

mangoes-1If you wish to lie lazily in the heat of the sweltering summers, then started thinking to have some seasonal fruits! Or ice cream. If you are elder you go and buy juicy mangoes from the stores, if you are a kid, you go and pluck the mangoes from the garden. There is a plenty of varieties found in mangoes like Totapuri, Langra, Alphonso, Kesar, Dashehari, Neelum and list goes on. Mango is used to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, fruit bars, raspados, aguas frescas. Read More

Cigarette contains 8,400 – 10,000 chemicals

cigarette-smoke-imgCigarettes look deceptively simple, consisting of paper tubes containing chopped up tobacco leaf and it will deliver a steady dose of nicotine. In addition to nicotine the following components also present Tobacco blend, Paper, PVA glue and Cellulose acetate-based filter.  Additives are used to make tobacco products more acceptable to the consumer. Humectants [glycol or glycerol], Cocoa solids, Licorice, Tobacco extracts are some of the components are harmless. Read More

Safe cosmetics for beautiful makeovers

safe-cosmeticsWon’t it be nice to have a radiant, skin-kissed glow all the time? How great it would be to have your eyebrows in shape, bright, glossy lips, flawless skin and perfectly styled hair? It not just gives you that ultimate chic look but also uplifts the confidence, making you more presentable. With the growing importance among people to project their best self-image, make-up has become an unavoidable part of our daily routine. Today, the market is flooded with thousands. Read More

Bio-Butanediol – from renewable sources

bio-bdo-productionThe global 1,4-butanediol (BDO) industry is one of the burgeoning industries. Biological path ways of production of BDO is giving greater hope to the present world chemical industries. At the same time it is a challenging proposition for the business growth of established companies. Now a days many companies are showing major interest towards bio-based products. During the period of 2010-2011 BDO saw a demand of 1.4 million metric tonne and it is expected that. Read More

Chemistry involved in textile manufacturing

Chemistry involved in textile manufacturing

textile-chemistryTextile can be defined as “it is a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn”. Textiles widely used for carpeting, furnishings, window shades, towels, coverings for tables, beds, flags, backpacks, tents, nets, handkerchiefs, balloons, kites, sails. Textiles can be made from many materials. These materials come from four main sources: animal (wool, silk), plant (cotton, flax, jute), mineral. Read More

Chemistry of Social Media Addiction

socialmedia-addiction_shotsConversation is a form of interactive, spontaneous communication between two or more people. Typically it occurs in spoken communication, as written exchanges are usually not referred to as conversations. The development of conversational skills and etiquette is an important part of socialization. Conversations may be ideal when, for example, each party desires a relatively equal exchange of information, or when the parties desire to build social ties. Read More

Toluene biodegradation using jet loop reactor

toluene-2Toluene is an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent and natural sources of toluene include crude oil and small quantities it is found in tolu tree.Toluene alternative names include methylbenzene, toluol, anisen, phenyl methane. Toluene is produced during the process of making gasoline and other fuels from crude oil, in making coke from coal, and as a by-product in the manufacture of styrene. Toluene has numerous commercial and industrial applications and is a solvent. Read More

Hormonal Love – Cosmo Aroma Attraction – Personal care Medicinal chemicals Mechanism

brain_scienceBiochemicals, chemical messengers, mood swingers, plant growth regulators what ever may be the names for hormones plays vital role in humans, animals and even in plants. Hormones produced in one part of body/place and travel through bloodstream to different parts of the body. Hormones basically involved in Growth – in humans, animals and plants, Digestion process – in humans, animals, Metabolism – in humans, animals, Mood changes – in humans. Read More