How does salt lower the freezing point of water?

How does salt lower the freezing point of water?

snow-roadsWhen you are making ice cream, the temperature around the ice cream mixture needs to be lower than 32 F if you want the mixture to freeze.Salt mixed with ice creates a brine that has a temperature lower than 32 F. When you add salt to the ice water, you lower the melting temperature of the ice down to 0 F or so. The brine is so cold that it easily freezes the ice cream mixture. But what about the places like Antarctica, Greenland, and Canada the fresh water in the air freezes to snow and falls. Read More

Particle Works develops new range of high-performance quantum dots

particle-works-quantum-dotsROYSTON, UK: Particle Works, a world leader in the synthesis of nano- and microparticle materials has developed a range of high-quality quantum dots for use in diagnostic, biomedical and optoelectronic applications. Available with a range of functional coatings, these high-performance quantum dots offer unmatched colour purity and unbeatable value. Particle Works is a brand of Blacktrace Holdings Ltd. The optical properties of quantum dots are determined by their size, shape and structure. Read More

Chemical detection technology market report 2016 – 2026

safety-watch-marketsChemical detection technology is used to detect chemical agents (CA), toxic industrial chemicals (TIC), and toxic industrial materials (TIM). Chemical detection technologies play a vital important role in the monitoring of chemical plants and industries. Incidents from the past like Bhopal gas tragedy have triggered the alarm in the chemical industry to use top quality and reliable chemical detection technology. Furthermore, a rise in threat from terrorist organizations across the world. Read More

Covestro polycarbonate used to make precision nocks for archers

covestro-archeryLEVERKUSEN, GERMANY: The bowstring is drawn back, the bow arches under the tension and the arrow speeds to the target. Archery is a sport that’s all about precision, which is why bow and arrow technology is continuously evolving. That also applies to the nock of an arrow – the notched tip that briefly clasps the bowstring before the tension of the drawn bow is released and the arrow takes flight. It’s the central point where tremendous energy is directly transferred to the arrow. Read More