Alexander Fleming – discoverer of Penicillin antibiotics


BASF SE said that it will extend its production capacities for isoindoline yellow pigments by around 70 percent by 2020. Bright yellow tones that offer a high degree of weather resistance and temperature stability are sought after, particularly in demanding applications involving industrial coatings. Customers use isoindoline pigments, marketed under the Colors & Effects brand, to meet their steadily growing need for coatings for the automotive sector and to colour plastics. “Following our recently announced expansion to production capacities for Paliocrom effect pigments, this investment of around €10 million underscores our ambitions for growth as one of the leading manufacturers of high-performance pigments,” said Dr Alexander Haunschild… Read More

Alexander Fleming – discoverer of Penicillin antibiotics

Biography & Contributions: Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist, botanist and Nobel laureate born on August 06, 1881 – died on March 11, 1955. Fleming best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme and the antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium notatum. Lysozyme occurs in white blood cells, egg whites, milk, pus, saliva, and tears, and engulfs and digests bacteria, forming a key component in the body’s defense system. In November 1921 Fleming discovered lysozyme, an enzyme present in body fluids such as saliva and tears that has a mild antiseptic effect. That was the first of his major discoveries. Read More

Distillation process of chemicals

The process of distillation starts when a liquid is heated to boiling point. The liquid starts evaporate, by appearing in a vapor form. Distillation is expended to detach liquids from nonvolatile solids, as in the separation of alcoholic liquors from fermented materials, or in the separation of two or more liquids with distinct boiling points, as in the separation of gasoline, kerosene, and lubricating oil from crude oil. Further, industrial applications incorporate the processing of the chemical products that is as formaldehyde, phenol and the purification of seawater. Read More

Distinct Organic chemical reactions

Organic reactions are reaction connecting with the organic chemical compounds. There are different types of organic chemical reactions. Organic reactions can be categorised based on the type of functional group involved in the reaction as a reactant and functional group that is formed as a result of the reaction. Classification of chemical reactions in organic chemistry:  Oxidation reaction: In this type of chemical reaction, oxidation takes place when oxygen atoms are added or when the electrons are lost. This kind of reaction generally occurs when the distinct life processes which are photosynthesis,combustion, respiration, rusting, etc. The reaction where magnesium metal reacts with oxygen forming magnesium oxide which is an oxidation reaction. Read More