Producing carbon-free energy from solar water splitting

Producing carbon-free energy from solar water splitting

llnl-water-splitting-1LIVERMORE, US: A Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) scientist and collaborators are fine changing the mechanisms to generate hydrogen from water and sunlight. Hydrogen production offers a promising approach for producing scalable and sustainable carbon-free energy. The key to a successful solar-to-fuel technology is the design of efficient, long-lasting and low-cost photoelectrochemical cells (PECs), which are responsible for absorbing sunlight and driving water-splitting reactions. Read More

Researchers use their own ‘toolset’ to probe chemical responses

cornell-university-toolsetITHACA, US: Using a novel chemical procedure developed in the lab, Yimon Aye and her group at Cornell University are helping to blaze a trail in the emerging field of precision medicine by targeting and modulating single proteins to achieve desired responses. The procedure, targetable reactive electrophiles and oxidants – dubbed “T-REX” by the group – involves the use of a photocaged (light-activated) precursor that, when turned on, specifically tags a protein of interest. Exposure to light elicits the desired protein response. Read More

Cookware made with scrap metal contaminates food: Study

ashland-university-aluminum-cookware-1SAN FRANCISCO, US: Aluminum cookware made from scrap metal in countries around the world poses a serious and previously unrecognised health risk to millions of people according to a new study. The highest levels were found in cookware from Vietnam including one pot that released 2,800 times more lead than California’s Maximum Allowable Dose Level (MADL) of 0.5 micrograms per day. Researchers at Ashland University and Occupational Knowledge International tested 42 samples. Read More

BASF enters Indian crop protection market; launches its fungicides

basf-india-rice-1NEW DELHI, INDIA: For the first time, BASF has launched its crop protection solutions for rice in India. With these solutions, the rice farmers in our country will be able to boost productivity and income. Rice is India’s most important food crop, with an estimate of more than 100 million metric tonnes produced per year. Moreover, India is a substantial exporter of rice to the global market, exporting over 10 million metric tonnes per year (estimated) with significant opportunities to further increase output. Read More


NASA’s new chemistry method to discover life on other planets

NASA’s new chemistry method to discover life on other planets

nasa-life-on-other-planetsLOS ANGELES, US: A simple chemistry method could vastly enhance how scientists search for signs of life on other planets. The test uses a liquid-based technique known as capillary electrophoresis to separate a mixture of organic molecules into its components. It was designed specifically to analyse for amino acids, the structural building blocks of all life on Earth. The method is 10,000 times more sensitive than current methods employed by spacecraft like NASA’s Mars Curiosity rover. Read More

New method could lead to safer, efficient way to extract uranium

osu-uraniumCORVALLIS, US: The separation of uranium, a key part of the nuclear fuel cycle, could potentially be done more safely and efficiently through a new technique developed by chemistry researchers at Oregon State University (OSU). The technique uses soap-like chemicals known as surfactants to extract uranium from an aqueous solution into a kerosene solution in the form of hollow clusters. Aside from fuel preparation, it may also find value in the legacy waste treatment. Read More

Designer recommends Archroma’s color atlas system for new shades

archroma-design-seedsREINACH, SWITZERLAND: Archroma has recently sponsored a seminar with the founder of Design Seeds, Jessica Colaluca, that focused on the use of “Color Anthropology”. And also, focusing how the recent global political events including the election of Donald Trump and the passing of Brexit may change the already established fashion industry colour palette for the upcoming season. “Colour has long been a form of self-expression over the years. The US election of Donald Trump. Read More

Incredible Skin Benefits of Glycerin

glycerin-benefitsSkin care is a method which supports, maintains skin integrity such as nutrition, avoidance of excessive sun exposure, appropriate use of emollients and also enhance appearance with the use of cosmetics, botulinum, exfoliation, fillers, laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion, peels, retinol therapy etc. All these skin protective agents help to remediate skin break down and relieve various skin conditions. If you choose a natural route for skin care solution. Read More


Major breakthrough in producing fluorinated drugs

Major breakthrough in producing fluorinated drugs

mit-boston-college-1MASSACHUSETTS, US: Drugs that contain one or more fluorine atoms tend to be more stable, more powerful, and easier for the body to absorb. For those reasons, drug developers would like to be able to incorporate fluorine or a fluorine-containing unit known as trifluoromethyl into new experimental drugs, but this has been very difficult to do. Now, a team of chemists at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Boston College has discovered a new type of catalyst. Read More

Scientists spin artificial silk from whey protein fibrils

desy-silk-1HAMBURG, GERMANY: A Swedish-German research team at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) has deciphered a central process for the artificial production of silk. Using intensive X-ray light, the scientists were able to observe how small pieces of protein, so-called fibrils – become knotted in a thread.  It was found that the longest protein fibrils amazingly are less suitable as starting materials than protein fibrils of poor quality. The team was led by Dr Christofer Lendel. Read More

Researchers achieve major breakthrough in flexible electronics

nsu-semiconductor-electronics-1SINGAPORE: Semiconductors, which are the very basic components of electronic devices, have improved our lives in many ways. They can be found in lighting, displays, solar modules and microprocessors that are installed in almost all modern-day devices, from mobile phones, washing machines, and cars, to the emerging Internet of Things. To innovate devices with better functionality and energy efficiency, researchers are constantly looking for better ways to make. Read More

Self-healing hydrogels and its industrial applications

selfhealing-hydrogelHydrogels are water-swollen, cross-linked polymeric structures produced by reactions of monomers or by hydrogen bonding. Hydrogels are composed of two constituents. One constituent is hydrophilic polymers like polyvinyl alcohol,sodium polyacrylate, acrylate polymers and copolymers, while the second constituent is water. Hydrogels possess the hydrophilic quality which makes them a good analog for natural tissues and they even tend to mimic the flexibility. Read More

Industrial Production of Diethyl Ether

Industrial Production of Diethyl Ether

diethyletherDiethyl Ether is an ether class of organic compound. Basically, it has characteristics of colourless, volatile, sweet solvent-like smelling chemical. Diethyl Ether finds common use as a solvent as well as in various household products. It is a colourless, highly volatile flammable liquid. It is commonly used as a solvent in laboratories and as a starting fluid for some engines. Diethyl ether is also a common solvent for the Grignard reaction in addition to other reactions. Read More

Scientists develop new catalyzed reaction using iron salts

university-of-huddersfield-joe-sweeney-1HUDDERSFIELD, UK: Scientists at the University of Huddersfield have developed a new chemical reaction that is catalysed using simple iron salts – an inexpensive, abundant and sustainable alternative to costlier and rarer metals.  The research could lead to huge economic gains in the pharmaceutical and agrichemical sectors, and more affordable medicines for healthcare providers. The core reaction developed by the Huddersfield team has been patented. Read More

Manganese oxides used in treatment system could be mixed blessing

ncsu-manganese-oxides-1RALEIGH, US: Researchers at North Carolina State University (NCSU) have found that some black sludge growing in a water-treatment site could have redeeming benefits. The black sludge coated water pump components at a superfund site in Raleigh. Normally, the presence of such material gums up the water-treatment site’s primary task of cleaning fouled water, said Owen Duckworth, an NC State associate professor of soil science and the corresponding. Read More

Colors family – Inks, Dyes and Pigments

idp_imgColor provides a significant glimpse to our world. Every day materials we tend to use different kinds of materials like – textiles, paints, plastics, paper, and foodstuffs. Colors make them most appealing. In summer there is a wild burst of colorful flowers and new leaves of various shades of green on trees. However, in contrast autumn makes the beautiful impression with green leaves turn to brilliant shades of yellow, orange, and red. Color derives from the spectrum. Read More




Chemists create new type of nanomaterial

Chemists create new type of nanomaterial

northwestern-university-nanomaterialEVANSTON, US: A team of chemists led by Northwestern University’s William Dichtel has cooked up something big: The scientists have created an entirely new type of nanomaterial and watched it form in real time — a chemistry first. “Our work sets the stage for researchers interested in studying the fundamental properties of interesting materials and applied systems, such as solar cells, batteries, sensors, paints and drug delivery systems. The findings have enormous implications. Read More

Quick ceramic-metal processing technology for superior composites

texas-a-m-university-cermets-1COLLEGE STATION, US: Recent advancements in automotive, aerospace and power generation industries have inspired materials scientists to engineer innovative materials. Ceramic-metal composites or cermets are an example of a new and improved class of materials that can enhance transportation and energy conversion technologies. Cermets combine useful properties from each of their primary constituent materials such as high-temperature stability of ceramics. Read More

OMC: A new material to trap radioactive elements from water

rice-university-kazan-federalHOUSTON, US/ KAZAN, RUSSIA: Researchers at Rice University and Kazan Federal University (KFU) in Russia have found a way to extract radioactivity from water and said their discovery could help purify the hundreds of millions of gallons of contaminated water stored after the Fukushima nuclear plant accident. They stated that their oxidatively modified carbon (OMC) material is low-cost and highly efficient at absorbing radioactive metal cations, including cesium. Read More

New method could enhance drug discovery, protein study


LA JOLLA, US: A team led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) has developed a versatile new method that would enhance the discovery of new drugs and the study of proteins.The new method empowers researchers to quickly find small molecules that bind to hundreds of thousands of proteins in their native cellular environment. Such molecules, called ligands, can be developed into important tools for studying how proteins work in cells. Read More

Breakthrough in making plastic from pine trees

Breakthrough in making plastic from pine trees

university-of-bath-pine-trees-1BATH, UK: Most current plastics are made from oil, which is unsustainable. But, researchers from the Centre for Sustainable Chemical Technologies (CSCT) at the University of Bath have developed a renewable plastic from a chemical called pinene found in pine needles. Pinene is the fragrant chemical from the terpene family that gives pine trees their distinctive “Christmas smell” and is a waste product from the paper industry. The researchers hope the plastic could. Read More

Blood-repellent materials: A new tactic to medical implants

colorado-state-university-blood-repellent-1FORT COLLINS, US: Medical implants like stents, catheters and tubing introduce risk for blood clotting and infection – a perpetual problem for many patients. Colorado State University (CSU) engineers offer a potential solution: A specially grown, “superhemophobic” titanium surface that’s extremely repellent to blood. The material could form the basis for surgical implants with a lower risk of rejection by the body. It’s an outside-the-box innovation achieved. Read More

Strength of hair inspires new materials for body armor

university-of-california-hair-1SAN DIEGO, US: In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) examine why hair is incredibly strong and resistant to breaking. This results could lead to the development of new materials for body armour and help cosmetic manufacturers create better hair care products. Hair has a strength to weight ratio similar to steel. It can be stretched up to one and a half times its original length before breaking. “We wanted to understand the mechanism. Read More

Test Sweet craving…. after meal

sweetsSuppose you had finished a delicious, big meal and your feeling full in your stomach but nevertheless hungry for having sugary sweets! This habit may derive from brain chemistry and your diet’s makeup cause one to crave sweets. These sweets are beneficial for your health and some sneak fiber into your diet to keep you full until your next meal and some Norwegian researchers have discovered that eating sugary desserts could help facilitate digestion and loosen stomach. Read More

Mussels inspire creation of new biodegradable adhesive

Mussels inspire creation of new biodegradable adhesive

purdue-university-mussels-1WEST LAFAYETTE, US: A new type of adhesive that combines the bonding chemistry of shellfish with a bio-based polymer has been shown to perform as well as commercially available products and can be easily degraded, representing a potential non-toxic alternative. Mussels extend hair-like fibres that attach to surfaces using plaques of adhesive. Proteins in the glue contain the amino acid DOPA, which harbours the chemistry needed to facilitate the “cross-linking”. Read More

Industrial Applications of Sulphuric Acid

sulfuric-acid-applicationsSulfuric acid referred as universal chemical, king of chemicals due to the numerous applications for sulfuric acid as a raw material or processing agent. Sulfuric acid is the most commonly used chemical in the world and used in almost all industries like FertilizersPharmaceuticals, Gasoline, Automobile batteries, Paper bleaching, Sugar bleaching, Water treatment, Sulfonation agents, Cellulose fibers, Steel manufacturing, Coloring agents, Amino acid intermediates. Read More

Facts of Hydroquinone for Tattoo Removal



It seems like everyone has a tattoo these days starting from kids to adults and irrespective of girls or boys. Tattoos are once sported only by sailors, outlaws, and bikers. It became popular body decoration body art for many people. If you got a tattoo in your early 20s, and it had words embedded in it, the words may blur and become more difficult to read in your 60s. Tattoo desgins will not just start with anchor design but also others like skulls, battleships, school emblems. Read More


Olympic rings inspires chemical molecule Olympicene

olympicene_imgOlympicene is an organic carbon based molecule formed of five rings, of which four are benzene rings, joined in the shape of the Olympic rings. Collaboration between the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), the University of Warwick and IBM Research – Zurich has allowed the scientists to bring a single molecule [Olympicene] to life in a picture using a combination of chemistry and state-of-the-art imaging techniques. “When doodling in a planning meeting, it occurred. Read More

Moving a step ahead in fuel cell technology

Moving a step ahead in fuel cell technology

academic-speak-microporous-materials-1In an interview, Dr Sujit Ghosh, Associate Professor – Chemistry at Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Pune, India with Chemical Today magazine speaks about the need to create new materials, which can eventually replace the 50-year-old Nafion and his quest to develop cheap microporous crystalline materials that can be effectively used as PEM in fuel cell industries. A major portion of the research in our lab revolves. Read More

Is Oxalic Acid Necessary To Maintain Peristaltic Motion In Our Body?

oxalic-acid-foods-1Oxalic Acid belonging to the family of carboxylic acids and this chemical also termed as Ethanedioic Acid. Oxalic acid is widely used as an acid rinse in laundries, where it can able to remove rust and ink stains because of its capability of converting insoluble iron compounds into a soluble complex ion. For the same reason, it is the chief ingredient of many commercial preparations used for removing scale from automobile radiators. It occurs naturally in high levels in many common foods. Read More

Luncheon with chemicals? – take a break!!!!

lunch-boxHave we ever thought what is lurking in our lunch box—yummy lunch or yummy chemicals? Well, unfortunately many of us are unaware of the fact that our lunch boxes are an abode of many harmful chemicals. It is known that many plastic items are produced by PVC (Poly Vinyl Chloride), Lead, BPA and others. Among these Lead is often added to vinyl as a stabilizer as it is cheap, flexible & it helps vinyl bounce back to its original shape. Trouble comes when vinyl. Read More

Chemistry of popcorn aroma & popping!

popcornPopcorn, also known as popping corn, is a type of corn. It can come up with usually salted or sweetened flavors. Many people like the odor of popcorn. Some people especially like to smell popcorn when you open the door of the movie theater. It is rich in some of the following nutrients. A new study by Tufts University reveals popcorn may contain higher levels of healthy antioxidants known as polyphenols. Popcorn odor comes from molecules that go into the air as popcorn is heated. Read More

Make Sodium Acetate at Home

Make Sodium Acetate at Home

sodium-acetate-copyChemically, sodium acetate is a mixture of various elements sodium (Na) atom, two carbon(C) atoms, two oxygen (O) atoms, and 3 hydrogen (H) atoms. When we technically writing this chemical, it is represented as C2H3NaO2. Generally, it appears as a white hygroscopic or water-attracting crystalline powder. Sodium acetate can be referred as the sodium salt of acetic acid, sodium ethanoate. It belongs to a conjugate base of a weak acid, which means that it only partially ionises. Read More

Restructure nanoporous alloys to get a more efficient catalyst

llnl-nanoporous-gold-1LIVERMORE, US: New research shows that the phases that nano-structured materials go through to become an efficient catalyst, as good as gold. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) material scientist Juergen Biener and collaborators found that by restructuring nanoporous gold alloys they become more efficient catalysts. Nano-structured materials hold promise for improving catalyst activity and selectivity, but little is known about the dynamic compositional. Read More

Scientists tie the tightest knot ever from atom strings

university-of-manchester-knot-1MANCHESTER, UK: University of Manchester researchers have produced the most tightly knotted physical structure ever known – a scientific accomplishment which has the potential to create a new generation of advanced materials. The research led by professor David Leigh in Manchester’s School of Chemistry, have developed a way of braiding multiple molecular strands enabling tighter and more complex knots to be made than has previously been possible. Read More

Xylene – a solvent, mixture of three isomers

xyleneXylene characteristics can be described as aromatic hydrocarbon solvent, mixture of three different isomers i.e., meta-xylene, ortho-xylene, para-xylene. Xylol is the other widely used common name for xylene. Xylene appearance described as colorless, sweet-smelling liquid that catches on fire easily. It is usually refined through an alkylation process from crude oil, also produced as by-product from coal carbonization and can extracted from benzole.  Xylene is flammable. Read More

Click chemistry applications in drug discovery

Click chemistry applications in drug discovery

click_chemistryClick chemistry is a chemical philosophy introduced by K. Barry Sharpless of The Scripps Research Institute, in 2001 and describes chemistry tailored to generate substances quickly and reliably by joining small units together. This is inspired by the fact that nature also generates substances by joining small modular units. Click chemistry is not a specific reaction; it is a concept that mimics nature. Click chemistry is a modular approach that uses only the most practical. Read More

Benzene found in carbonated drinks

benzene-inbeveragesMichael Faraday discovered benzene in 1825. Benzene formula was proposed by Friedrich August Kekule. Benzene formula is C6H6 with the molar mass of 78.11 g/mol. Benzene structural formula includes aromatic, cyclic, six carbon, six hydrogen organic compound. Benzene used as solvent in various industries.Benzene is parent organic aromatic compound. Derivatives of benzene compound include cumene, ethylbenzene, styrene, cyclohexane, and aniline. Read More

How Cellulase is Important in Stone Washing?

stonewashed-jeansJeans is typically comprised of denim or dungaree cloth. Often the term “jeans” is generally refers to a particular style of pants, called “blue jeans,” which were invented by Jacob W. Davis in partnership with Levi Strauss & Co. in the year of 1871. It was originally designed for cowboys and miners, later jeans became popular in the 1950s among teenagers, especially members of the greaser subculture. Jeans were a most prevalent fashion item in the 1960s Hippie. Read More

 Why Theobromine is Toxic to Dogs and Other Pets?

chocolate_theopoisonTheobromine is a bitter plant alkaloid which is found in cacao plant, having the chemical formula C7H8N4O2. It is commonly found in chocolate, as well as in leaves of the tea plant, and the cola nut/ kola nut (1.0-2.5%). Theobromine has a similar, but lesser effect when compared to caffeine on the human nervous system. Theobromine can also be found in small amounts in guarana berry and in tea plant. 28 grams of milk-chocolate can accommodate approximately. Read More