Chemistry Behind Dreams

Chemistry Behind Dreams

dreamingAll dreams, nightmares and night terrors are all caused by different chemicals being released while you are sleeping. The way you fall asleep is through the activation of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Sleeping is considered as a default state in us but you can’t sleep when ever you required. There are two reasons behind this is. One reason is your body will not support when your brain is active. Read More

Different facets of silicones

feature-silicones-in-auto-industryThe next gen automotive will be governed by low weight, high strength materials and silicones fit the bill. More and more automotive manufacturers are exploring the opportunities that silicones have to offer and are increasingly replacing metal parts with silicones to make vehicles lighter, faster yet sturdier for the future. The dynamics of the automotive industry is being driven by rising environmental concerns which demands for lightweight. Read More

The world will soon get a fresh coat of colour on it

may-cover-pageThe global market for dyes and organic pigments is expected to grow at 6 percent per year to become $20 billion by 2019. Moreover, as the growth in the west is slowly becoming stagnant, the new age growth story of ink and dye industry is being written in Asia. As the industry gets mature and consumers are more aware of health issues, there is a rise in demand for safer inks and dyes. While incorporating the new consumer demands. Read More

Glenn Theodore Seaborg – discoverer of transuranium elements

glenn-theodore-seaborgGlenn Theodore Seaborg was born April 19 1912 in Ishpeming Michigan. He was an American scientist who won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for “discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements. He spent most of his career as an educator and research scientist at the University of California Berkeley where he became the second Chancellor in its history and served as a University Professor. Read More

Henry Cavendish the Discoverer of Hydrogen Gas

Henry Cavendish the Discoverer of Hydrogen Gas

henry-cavendishHenry Cavendish was a British natural philosopher, scientist, and an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist. He is best noted for his discovery of hydrogen and the properties of different gases, the synthesis of water, measured Earth’s density. His experiment to weigh the Earth has come to be known as the Cavendish experiment. Cavendish determined the specific gravity of these gases. Read More

Industry, government has to work together to achieve sustainability

tfs-dr-jacques-perezIn a discussion Dr Jacques Perez, Vice Chairman, CFO and Managing Director at Lanxess India Pvt Ltd with Chemical Today magazine speaks about the together for sustainability (TfS) initiative and sustainability in the chemical industry. Sustainability is about offering products and solutions to address the challenges of water, agriculture, organisation and transportation while contributing positively to the environment. Read More

Environmental concerns + Demand = Eco-friendly solvents

cover-story-solventsSolvents form an important link in the manufacturing process. But with the rising demand for better quality solvents, there has also been a subsequent rise in the demand for eco-friendly solvents from the industry. And this is why manufacturers are stepping up to change the entire equation of solvent manufacturing. The role of solvents has significantly changed the industrial processes by becoming an invaluable part of various manufacturing. Read More

1500 chemicals in Coffee

coffee-1Coffee plant originated in Africa and Madagascar.Coffee has become a universal and almost indispensable beverage in the modern dietary.It is a very reliable friend, the kind of friend who plays an important role in the various activities we perform during the day. Recent evidence suggests coffee could help prevent type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer disease. Different groups of chemicals present in coffee are. Read More

How safe are mosquito coils

How safe are mosquito coils?

mosquitocoilThe annual worldwide consumption of the four major types of residential insecticide products are — aerosols, mosquito coils, liquid vaporizers, and vaporizing mats. Mosquito coils are burned indoors and outdoors in regions like Asia, Africa, and South America. Mosquito coils consist of an insecticide/repellant, organic fillers capable of burning with smoldering, binder, and additives such as synergists, dyes, and fungicide. Read More

Microbial fuel cell – for conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy

microbialfuel-cellA microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bio-electrochemical system that converts the chemical energy in the organic compounds/renewable energy sources to electrical energy/bio-electrical energy through microbial catalysis at the anode under anaerobic conditions. This process is becoming attractive and alternative methodology for generation of electricity. MFC is even considering as the completely new approach to wastewater. Read More

TfS: It takes innovation to drive sustainability

tfs-dr-raman-ramachandranIn a discussion Dr Raman Ramachandran, Chairman and Managing Director, BASF India Ltd & Head, BASF South Asia with Chemical Today magazine speaks about the speaks about Together for Sustainability (TfS) initiative and sustainability in the chemical industry. The accepted definition of sustainability in the industry is that any product, solution or initiative that we take is taken with the understanding of the balance of the economic. Read More

Digital systems modify chemical dosing pumps industry

In an interview, Shankar Rajaram- Vice President, Industry, Grundfos India with shankar-rajaram-grundfos-indiaChemical Today magazine talks at length about the chemical dosing pumps industry and shares his insights about the ways in which digital systems are changing the industry. s dosing in itself calls for significant precision to add value and serve its very purpose, digital technology in the digital dosing pump gains traction worldwide. Read More

First intermetallic double salt compound made with platinum

First intermetallic double salt compound made with platinum

ames-double-saltAMES, US: Researchers at the US Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory are being credited with creating the first intermetallic double salt with platinum. Materials researchers Anja-Verena Mudring and Volodymyr Smetana were the first to create and accurately characterise the compound. Cesium platinide hydride, or 4Cs2Pt⋅CsH, forms a translucent ruby red crystal and can exist only in an inert environment similar to conditions.  Read More

Strong domestic growth in Indian chemical market

feb-cover-page-1The Indian chemical industry is expected to reach $224 billion by 2017, up from the current $144 billion, while the value of the global chemical industry is estimated at $3.26 trillion. This suggests that there is excellent potential to increase our share in the global trade. Also in the last decade, the industry has seen an increasing shift towards Asia, where Indian chemical industry stands out to be the third largest producer and 12th in the world in terms of volume. Read More

Lead, heavy metals have been found in soft drinks: Govt of India

govt-soft-drinksNEW DELHI, INDIA: Lead and other heavy metals like Cadmium and Chromium have been found in the samples of five different soft drinks manufactured by two major multinational companies in India, the Rajya Sabha informed. “Samples of five different cold drinks–Sprite, Mountain Dew, 7UP, Pepsi and Coca-Cola were chosen by the stratified sampling method and the samples were submitted to National Test. Read More

Paraxylene – production through toluene methylation

paraxyleneParaxylene or the Jesus Molecule is one amongst the isomers that structure xylenes. Among the xylene isomers paraxylene plays important role in production of terephthalic acid and dimethyl terphthalate. Paraxylene is a flammable, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon that exists as a liquid at ambient pressure and temperature. In p-xylene the p stands for para, identifying the location of the methyl groups as across. Read More

Can Insects Recognize Death

Insects Senses Death


Insects Senses Death: Oleic acid is a known fatty acid chemical released in the form of pheromones by certain insects upon death. Insects identify this fatty acid by its scent, and it signifies death and the possibility of disease to them. Insects avoid the source of this scent. When an any insect dies, the other same insect species don’t notice. They walk around it as if it wasn’t there, or was just an ant standing still. Three days later, they notice. Read More

Scientists successfully develops blood cells from skin cells

a-star-blood-cellsSINGAPORE: A team of scientists led by A*STAR’s Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) and Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB) have artificially generated new mouse blood and immune cells from skin cells. This is an important initial step to the final aim: the engineering of new human blood cells from skin cells or other artificial sources. One of the main challenges of regenerative medicine is to produce new blood. Read More

New algae ingredient, a sustainable alternative to fish oil

terravia-bunge-algaprimeSAN FRANCISCO, US: TerraVia Holdings Inc (TVIA) in collaboration with Bunge Limited (BG) has developed an omega-3-rich whole algae ingredient, AlgaPrime DHA. This ingredient maintains the levels of omega-3s in farmed salmon and the human diet and is a sustainably obtained substitute to fish oil ingredients, instantly meeting the rising consumer demand for salmon without further reducing marine fish stocks. Read More

Muriatic Acid test for carbonate minerals

hcl-acid-testMuriatic Acid test: Hydrochloric acid is known as spirits of salt or acidum salis and its formula is HCl. Other name for HCl is muriatic acid. In muriatic acid Muriatic means pertaining to brine or salt. HCl is a strong acid, highly corrosive with many industrial applications. Hydrochloric acid is found naturally in gastric acid. HCl is used in the neutralization of waste streams, the recovery of zinc from galvanized iron scrap. Read More

Sending messages using household chemicals

Sending messages using household chemicals

stanford-university-chemical-machineSTANFORD, US: Researchers at the Stanford University have developed a machine that sends messages using common chemicals. Among many potential applications, this system could relay secret messages or allow tiny devices to communicate inside the human body. Nariman Farsad, a post-doctoral fellow at Stanford, in the lab of Andrea Goldsmith, professor of electrical engineering built. Read More

First sign of 2010 deepwater horizon oil found in sparrows

lsu-seaside-sparrowsBATON ROUGE, US: Researchers from the Louisiana State University (LSU) have recognised the first evidence of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill in a land animal – the Seaside Sparrow. The researchers studied the diet and feathers of sparrows collected more than a year after the oil spill. The birds that were captured in habitats that were exposed to the oil had a different chemical signature in their tissues. Read More

Unearthing the enormous scope of copper

navin-dalmia-rubamin-limited-1In an interview, Navin Dalmia, Managing Director and CEO, D R Congo operations of Rubamin Limited with Chemical Today magazine digs up the mine of opportunities that copper has to offer to the industry. From industry trends, challenges to potentials, he talks about how Congo became a significant investment destination for Rubamin. The total global demand for copper is 20 million tonnes. Read More

Chemistry of ceramics, glass, adhesives and sealants

ceramic-labwareEvery day in our homes we are using smooth, beautiful designed coffee cups, tea cups, plates and bowls. These should be handled carefully and proper maintenance required. Even in laboratories mortar and pestles lab ware manufactured by using special kind of material. All these kind of utensils and lab ware are made up of ceramic. Ceramic materials are non-metallic, inorganic compounds-primarily. Read More

Manufacturing of Ethylene Oxide by Chlorohydrin Process

Manufacturing of Ethylene Oxide by Chlorohydrin Process

ethylene-oxideEthylene Oxide also called as epoxyethane, oxirane. It is cyclic ether, simplest epoxide with faintly sweet odor and colorless flammable gas at room temperature. Ethylene oxide is important to the production of detergents, thickeners, solvents, plastics, and various organic chemicals such as ethylene glycol, ethanolamines, simple and complex glycols, polyglycol ethers and other compounds. Read More

Cryogenic preservation: Freezing the bodies after death

cryogenic-preservationLONDON, UK: A 14-year old girl who died of cancer in London, has been given the permission to be cryogenically frozen in the hope she could be brought back to life in the future after winning a landmark court case shortly before her death, reported on BBC news. The High Court judge, Mr Justice Peter Jackson ruled that the girl’s mother should be allowed to decide what happened to the body. Read More

Pierre Eugene Marcellin Berthelot – formulator of Thomsen-Berthelot principle

pierre-eugene-marcellin-berthelotPierre Eugene Marcellin Berthelot was a French chemist born on October 25, 1827 – died on March 18, 1907. Berthelot is considered as one of the greatest chemists of all time. He is noted for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle of thermochemistry. He synthesized many organic compounds from inorganic substances, providing a large amount of counterevidence to the theory of Jons Jakob Berzelius that organic compounds required organisms. Read More

New fluorescent dye that has energy storing properties

ub-bodipy-dyeBUFFALO, US: Researchers at the University at Buffalo believe that a new glow-in-the-dark dye is the next advancement in energy storage technology. They have recognised a fluorescent dye called BODIPY as an ideal material for storing energy in rechargeable, liquid-based batteries that could one-day power cars and homes. BODIPY, a short for boron-dipyrromethene shines brightly in the dark under. Read More

What Chemical Causes Fear

What Chemical Causes Fear?

fearemotionFear – It is the ability to recognize danger leading to an urge to confront it or flee from it. Fear can also be an instant reaction to something presently happening. Fear is a chain reaction in the brain that starts with a stressful stimulus and ends with the release of chemicals that cause a racing heart, fast breathing and energized muscles, among other things, also known as the fight-or-flight response. Read More

Lanthanum, Erbium & Terbium Was Discovered By Carl Gustaf Mosander

carl-gustaf-mosanderCarl Gustaf Mosander was a Swedish chemist born on September 10, 1797 – died on October 15, 1858. Mosander work revealed existence of numerous lanthanum, erbium, terbium and didymium rare-earth elements.  Rare earth elements is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium. The rare earth elements are all metals, and the group. Read More

New adhesive binds tight in cold, gets stronger in heat

case-reserve-university-adhesive-1CLEVELAND, US: Case Western Reserve University, Dayton Air Force Research Laboratory and China scientists have developed a new dry adhesive that bonds in extreme temperatures—a quality that could make the product ideal for space exploration and beyond. The gecko-inspired adhesive loses no traction in temperatures as cold as liquid nitrogen or as hot as molten silver, and actually gets stickier as heat increases, the researchers reported. Read More

New eco-friendly coating that keeps ice at bay

csu-ice-free-coatingFORT COLLINS, US: Anyone who’s ever broken the ice off a windshield or anxiously viewed a plane get de-iced, pay attention: Colorado State University (CSU) scientists have developed an ice-repellent coating that outperforms today’s best de-icing products. The team led by Arun Kota, assistant professor of mechanical engineering and biomedical engineering, scientists have invented an environmentally friendly, inexpensive. Read More


2000 Chemicals in Your Morning Tea

2000 chemicals in your morning tea

tea-chemistryHave you ever wonder the normal beverage tea contains around 2,000 chemical compounds! Yes it is true! Tea is an aromatic beverage with 2000 chemical compounds. It has cooling, slightly bitter, astringent flavor. Both green tea and black tea come from the leaves of the plant Camellia sinensis, however the processing that the leaves undergo to make the final tea is different. The leaves for black tea are fully oxidized while. Read More

First chemical reactor to make liquid fuels using CO2, solar energy

kit-ineratecKARLSRUHE, GERMANY: The demand of liquid fuels from regenerative energy sources is a major element of the energy turnaround. Production of synthetic fuels from solar energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) extracted from air is the aim of the SOLETAIR project started now by INERATEC GmbH, an addition of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), in cooperation with Finnish partners. Read More

Mechanism of Appel Reaction

appel-reactionThe reaction is named after eminent scientist Rolf Appel. Rolf Appel was an inorganic chemist who contributed his important work to the organophosphorus chemistry field. The Appel reaction is a type of organic reaction, which converts alcohol into an alkyl chloride by using chemical materials like triphenylphosphine and carbon tetrachloride. The reason behind use of carbon tetrabromide or bromine as a halide source. Read More

Joel Henry Hildebrand – introducer of helium element

joel-henry-hildebrandJoel Henry Hildebrand was born on November 16,1881 – died on April 30,1983. Hildebrand was an American educator and a pioneer chemist.His contributions towards chemistry is research specializing in liquids and nonelectrolyte solutions.Hildebrand was the first person coined the term regular solution.Hildebrand researched on liquids and nonelectrolyte solutions. Hildebrand realized that nitrogen gas. Read More

Expanding the Chemistry of Zinc

Expanding the chemistry of Zinc

bhuwan-purohit-rubaminIn an interview Bhuwan Purohit, Executive Director & COO – Zinc, Rubin Limited with Chemical Today magazine opens up about the ever-changing market dynamics of zinc oxide, the plethora of opportunities for the Indian market and the global technological advancements that will rule the industry in the near future. Zinc oxide is a surprisingly versatile chemical that finds application in rubber, ceramics, agriculture, coatings, chemicals. Read more

Colours in vegetables, a work of chemistry

vegetablesVegetables are important in rational nutrition and shows favorable influence on the functions of the physiologic human organisms. The chemical composition of vegetables shows high water content, sugars, protein, starch, fat, energy value. Vegetables and fruits are strongly coloured because they contain a chemical compound named carotenoids. These compounds have an area called choromophore, which absorbs. Read More

Waterborne alkyds can enhance the greener profile of future

kent-david-perstorpIn an interview Kent Hamacek, Product Manager, Business Unit Penta and David James, Vice President, Innovation from Perstorp with Chemical Today magazine talks at length about the changing technological dynamics of resin technology. For waterborne alkyd resins, green trend is the driver. There is a great focus on the circular economy involving products total impact where even solvent based alkyds have lower. Read More

Paul Flory – pioneer in polymer science

paul-floryPaul Flory was awarded with various prestigious medals, awards in his life time like Elliott cresson medal in the year of 1971, Nobel Prize for physical chemistry works on macromolecules in the year of 1974, Priestley medal in the year of 1974, Perkin medal in the year of 1977. Flory introduced the concept of excluded volume. The recognition that excluded volume was an important factor in analyzing long-chain molecules. Read More