Unknown facts about Caesium

Unknown facts about Caesium

Caesium is a metal denoted as Cs in the period table with the atomic number of 55. It is one of the most reactive metal. It is found in the s-block which is because the outermost electron of Caesium is in s-orbital. Caesium is a soft, shiny-gold alkali metal which is having a melting point of 28.5 °Celsius (83.3 °Fahrenheit), which is one of five rudimentary metals that can become liquid at room temperature. Read more


Researchers at Okayama University describe in Acta Biomaterialia a new type of biocompatible adhesive material. The adhesive, made from nanoparticles of hydroxyapatite, glues both synthetic hydrogels and mouse soft tissue, providing a promising alternative to organic materials currently in use for clinical applications. Read more


Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) has identified 12 indigenous plants for manufacturing natural textile dyes. A study by the College of Agriculture (CoA), Vellayani, as part of the Western Ghat Development Programme (WGDP), has identified 12 indigenous plants capable of giving colour to cotton and silk textiles. This will provide an organic option for dyeing. Read more


A team of engineers from the University of California San Diego have developed stretchable fuel cells that extract energy from sweat and are capable of powering electronics, such as LEDs and Bluetooth radios. The biofuel cells generate 10 times more power per surface area than any existing wearable biofuel cells. The devices could be used to power a range of wearable devices. Read more

Industrial adhesives to expand moderately in volume terms

Global Industrial Adhesives Market size is expected to expand at moderate growth rate in terms of volume during the forecast period. Healthy growth of the product is attributed to the replacement of mechanical fasteners with these adhesives in various end-user industries such as consumer durables, automotive, construction, packaging, aerospace. Read more


Researchers from the GREEN-CHEM network at Ghent University have developed a new coating for boats based on the recycled waste from shellfish. The classic anti-fouling coatings battle the growth of mussels, sea cubes, algae and other sea creatures with toxic substances like heavy metals.  However, this new coating is environmentally friendly. The eco-friendly coating will be immediately put to the test during a sailing trip around the world. Read more


Paraxylene, also known as PX or P-Xylene, is an aromatic hydrocarbon compound, derived particularly from benzene. Paraxylene is a colourless, toxic, sweet-smelling and highly flammable chemical at room temperature. It is found naturally in petroleum and coal tar. Paraxylene or P-Xylene is an isomer of xylene compound, derived from benzene. Some of the other isomers of xylene include O-xylene and M-xylene. Read more


They say that oil and water do not mix, but now scientists have discovered that under certain circumstances – it may be possible. A new study suggests that some oily molecules which normally repel water – can be forced to dissolve in water when the two substances are squeezed together under extreme pressure. Researchers at the University of Edinburgh applied high pressure to tiny containers filled with water and methane, creating conditions similar to the intense pressure. Read more



A team of chemists in Canada has developed a way to process metals without using toxic solvents and reagents. The system, which also consumes far less energy than conventional techniques, could greatly shrink the environmental impact of producing metals from raw materials or from post-consumer electronics. “At a time when natural deposits of metals are on the decline, there is a great deal of interest in improving the efficiency of metal refinement. Read more

Hymatic Engineering Coy Ltd, part of Honeywell Aerospace, based in Redditch in the UK, specialises in the design, development and manufacture of cryogenic and fluid control systems, sub-systems, and precision engineered products for aerospace and defence applications. A key part of Hymatic’s production process is the cleaning of manufactured component parts using solvent-based vapour degreasing. Read more


Adhesives and sealants are the most versatile bonding agents available today and are used by automakers to make cars lighter and tougher. Adhesives are made from precise blends of synthetic rubber elastomers, resins and agents or additives used to enhance certain characteristics, depending on the end use, according to a report by Persistence Market Research. Read more


There have been no significant changes to bicycle saddle technology since the 1960s, with most models conforming to a standardized principle: rails – saddle shell – padding – cover. The disadvantage of this construction is that the saddle shell has a dual role: it bears the load of the cyclist and is simultaneously the seat shell, being the substructure for the padding. Read more



Researchers at Brigham Young University (BYU) have discovered certain compounds found in cocoa that can actually help your body release more insulin and respond to increased blood glucose better. Insulin is the hormone that manages glucose, the blood sugar that reaches unhealthy levels in diabetes. When a person has diabetes, their body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t process blood sugar properly. Read more

New cyborg bacteria turn sunlight into useful chemicals

To help humans capture more of the sun’s energy than natural photosynthesis can, University of California, Berkeley scientists have taught bacteria to cover themselves in tiny, highly efficient solar panels to produce useful chemical compounds. Chemistry professor Peidong Yang and Kelsey Sakimoto, a former graduate student now at Harvard University. Read more


BASF SE and BSE Engineering have signed an exclusive joint development agreement where BASF will provide custom made catalysts for a new chemical energy storage process. This process will enable economically viable transformation of excess current and off-gas carbon dioxide (CO2) into the chemical energy storage methanol in small-scale, delocalized production units. Read more


In an interview, Vikas Deshmukh, Vice President, Technology Center of Excellence, Reliance Industries with Chemical Today Magazine talks about digitalisation in the petroleum industry. For me a digital enterprise is an organization that uses technology as a competitive advantage to integrate information, process, work, and people to bring about organizational change. Read more


Toray Industries Inc has decided to construct a new polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) compound production facility at Hungarian site of its US subsidiary Zoltek Companies Inc, the world’s largest supplier of large tow carbon fibres. It is Toray’s first resin compound production facility in Europe and is expected to start operations in March 2018 with 3,000 tonnes annual production capacity.Read more


Making air, pollution free

In an interview, Shrish Patel, PhD Researcher at Orlov Materials Lab of Stony Brook University with Chemical Today Magazine talks about the ways in which air pollutants can be minimized in the cement industry.Removing air pollutants.The current research is to understand the interaction of nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide with crushed demolished concrete. These interactions facilitate adsorption and conversion of these oxides on the concrete surfaces. Read More

By Debarati Das: The need of the hour for any and every industry is to be faster, accurate and connected. For this, the global industry is unanimously striding towards becoming an integral part of the Industry 4.0 revolution with smart machines, smart operations and smart manufacturing. India too is picking up the momentum to be a part of this change and employing ‘digitalized’ business processes and incorporating Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT) in their operations and services.  Read More

By Chad Chichester: A behind-the-scenes look at how Molykote® brand from The Dow Chemical Company is paving the way for innovations in high-temperature automotive and industrial appliance and maintenance applications.The Molykote brand from The Dow Chemical Company has been synonymous with cutting-edge technology in speciality silicone lubricants for nearly 70 years. Read More

3M Company said that it has added 3M 4076 extended wear medical tape to its extensive adhesives portfolio.With this addition, 3M’s medical materials and technologies business has given medical device manufacturers and engineers a long-term wear, the acrylic-based adhesive solution designed to increase patient comfort and provide a strong and reliable bond in challenging applications. Read More

Industry 4.0 to push for advanced manufacturing – Analysis

By 2025, digital transformation could add between $310 billion and $550 billion of economic value to the global chemicals and advanced materials industry, according to an analysis by the World Economic Forum (WEF) and IT major, Accenture.Industry 4.0 has arrived, blurring the lines between the digital and physical worlds. As intelligent, interconnected systems seamlessly support activities along the entire value chain, Industry 4.0 is transforming manufacturing industries across the globe.  Read More

In an interview, Thomas Schopphoven, Graduate Engineer, Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT, Aachen, Germany with Chemical Today Magazine talks about the cutting-edge research on ultra-high-speed laser material deposition technology. The new process comes out on top not only in cost, quality and sustainability but also in retaining jobs in Europe.Special coatings protect components against corrosion and wear. However, standard processes such as hard chrome plating, thermal spraying, laser material deposition or other deposition welding techniques have drawbacks. Read More

Industry insights:North America chemical tanker shipping market size was valued at $259.2 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach $339.5 billion by 2027, according to a new report by Grand View Research Inc.The increase in North American chemical export coupled with rising demand for plastic feedstock is projected to spur the growth during the forecast period. The decrease in crude oil prices is allowing ship owners to operate on a better profit margin as bunkering cost is low. Read More

MOSCOW, RUSSIA/VADINAR, INDIA: Rosneft has successfully completed the acquisition of 49.13 percent shares of Essar Oil Limited (EOL) from Essar Energy Holdings Limited (EOL) and its affiliates.An investment consortium comprising Swiss commodity trading firm Trafigura and Russian private fund United Capital Partners (UCP) has also announced the closure of their acquisition of a separate 49.13 percent share of EOL.The closing of the acquisition enables Rosneft to enter one of the world’s fastest-growing markets (29.8 percent cumulative GDP growth in India in 2013-2016). Read More

Plutonium & Its Important Facts

Plutonium & Its Important Facts

Plutonium is a chemical element with the atomic number 94 which is radioactive in nature with the chemical formula of Pu and with the atomic number of 94. Plutonium is of silvery-gray appearance that stains when exposed to air, as the metal oxidizes quickly, producing a mixture of oxide and hydride due it its high reactivity, which later forms a dull coating when it is tarnished. Commonly occurring radioisotopes of plutonium are plutonium-238, plutonium-239 and plutonium-240. Read More



In an interview, Alex Birrell, CEO, CleanSpace Technology with Chemical Today Magazine discusses the technology development and stringent protocols for the protective respiratory equipment market.By Shivani Mody: Global trends in the respiratory equipment market:The chemical industry leads the way in workplace safety and, in particular, in the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) programs. Due to the use of a wide range of chemicals and the potentially harsh nature of those chemicals, airborne contaminants are high on the list of workplace hazards in the chemical industry. Read More



Researchers at The University of Manchester in collaboration with Central South University (CSU), China, have created a new kind of ceramic coating that could revolutionise hypersonic travel for air, space and defence purposes.Hypersonic travel means moving at Mach five or above, which is at least five times faster than the speed of sound.  When moving at such velocity the heat generated by air and gas in the atmosphere is extremely hot and can have a serious impact on an aircraft or projectile’s structural integrity.Read More

In an interview, Suiniaty Basirun, Chairperson, Singapore Chemical Industry Council (SCIC) with Chemical Today Magazine talks about the opportunities and challenges faced by the chemical industry in Singapore.Basirun is from Dow Chemical Pacific (Singapore) Pte Ltd.By Shivani Mody. Technological advancement has allowed companies to embrace the Internet of Things (IOTs) in the recent years. Read More